Disclosure of corporate tax reports, tax enforcement, and price information

Authors: Jordi Caballé and Ariadna Dumitrescu

Journal of Banking and Finance, Vol. 121, Article number 105978, December, 2020

This paper analyzes the effects of disclosing corporate tax reports on both financial markets’ performance and tax revenue. To this end, we characterize the optimal auditing policy of the tax enforcement agency and the optimal tax reporting strategy of a firm. The manager of the firm has the possibility of trading in the firm's stock and, therefore, he cares about the information disclosed through the tax report. Our analysis suggests that, despite disclosure of the tax reports being beneficial for market performance (as the spread is smaller than under no disclosure), the tax agency might have incentives to not disclose the tax report when its objective is to maximize expected net tax collection. We also draw empirical and policy implications about the effect of the tax agencys efficiency on both trading costs and net tax collection. Our results shed light on the debate about the costs and benefits of disclosure.

This paper originally appeared as Barcelona School of Economics Working Paper 911