Liquidity Sentiments

Recognition Program

Authors: Vladimir Asriyan, William Fuchs and Brett Green

American Economic Review, Vol. 109, No 11, 3813–3848, December, 2019

We develop a rational theory of liquidity sentiments in which the market outcome in any given period depends on agents' expectations about market conditions in future periods. Our theory is based on the interaction between adverse selection and resale considerations giving rise to an intertemporal coordination problem that yields multiple self-fulfilling equilibria. We construct "sentiment" equilibria in which sunspots generate fluctuations in prices, volume, and welfare, all of which are positively correlated. The intertemporal nature of the coordination problem disciplines the set of possible sentiment dynamics. In particular, sentiments must be suficiently persistent and transitions must be stochastic. We consider an extension with production in which asset quality is endogenously determined and provide conditions under which sentiments are a necessary feature of any equilibrium. A testable implication is that assets produced in good times are of lower average quality than those produced in bad times.

This paper originally appeared as Barcelona School of Economics Working Paper 993
This paper is acknowledged by the Barcelona School of Economics Recognition Program