The Real Effects of the Bank Lending Channel

Recognition Program

Authors: Gabriel Jiménez, Atif Mian, José-Luis Peydró and Jesús Saurina

Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 115, 162-179, November, 2020

This paper studies credit booms exploiting the Spanish matched credit register over 2001–2009. We extend Khwaja and Mian’s (2008) loan-level estimator by incorporating firm-level general equilibrium adjustments. Higher ex-ante bank real-estate exposure increases credit supply to non-real-estate firms, but effects are neutralized by firm-level adjustments for firms with existing banking relationships. However, higher bank real-estate exposure increases risk-taking, by relaxing standards of existing borrowers (cheaper, longer-term and less collateralized credit), and by expanding credit on the extensive margin to first-time borrowers that default substantially more. Results suggest that the mechanism at work is greater liquidity via securitization of real-estate assets.

This paper originally appeared as Barcelona School of Economics Working Paper 1099
This paper is acknowledged by the Barcelona GSE Research Recognition Program